By Eric H. Cline
En el año 1177 antes de Cristo unos merodeadores de origen desconocido, los llamados "pueblos del mar", llegaron a Egipto, tras causar destrucción y muerte por donde pasaban. Esto sucedía en el inicio de una época de colapso en que desaparecieron las grandes civilizaciones de los angeles Edad del Bronce -egipcios, hititas, micénicos, troyanos, asirios...- en lo que Finkelnstein describe como "uno de los más misteriosos procesos de los angeles historia de l. a. humanidad". ¿Cuál fue l. a. causa de este cataclismo? Eric H. Cline, de los angeles Universidad George Washington, un arqueólogo que ha investigado este tema durante más de veinte años, responde que el fracaso se debió a une serie de causas conectadas entre sí: invasiones, revueltas, terremotos, y, sobre todo, los angeles ruptura de un sistema de relaciones en un mundo que había alcanzado un remarkable grado de globalización. Algo que nos recuerda los riesgos que amenazan hoy a nuestro propio mundo. Cline pone al alcance del lector medio los más recientes hallazgos de l. a. investigación en un relato realmente apasionante.
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Additional resources for 1177 a. C.:El año en que la civilización se derrumbó
Upon their return many weeks later, the skins were still there, despite the passage of many other tribes along the path. ”191 “False Picture” of Wicked Savages In addition to finding their way of life far more egalitarian, honest, and trusting than that of the white settlers, Zeisberger considered the Indians his intellectual equals. He observed that they “readily grasp and understand” new concepts. ”192 His careful accounting and respectful treatment of American Indian customs revealed him as a loyal ally of the Native Americans he encountered.
The American Indians, however, would have agreed with Rousseau, who wrote, The first man who, after enclosing a piece of land said, took it into his head to say, “This is mine,” and found people simple enough to believe him, was the true founder of civil society. 203 The Delaware people Heckewelder encountered, he tells us, once regarded the white settlers as “superior beings” owing to their talent for making things. Heckewelder informs us that they soon considered themselves mistaken. ”206 The Lenape people would have agreed with this passage, but for the majority of white settlers they were just words, colliding as they did with the ideology of individualism and the market.
Over a century and a half ago, Kirtland lamented the transformation wrought by the Europeans: The Ecological Cost of Transformation 43 [the] universal forest has been so far destroyed, that only broken patches remain, mere shadows of its former stateliness. —The same exposure to the elements has, in a great measure, dissipated the rich native soil; and the beautiful investments of shrubs and herbaceous plants has been destroyed by repeated browsing and cropping of domestic animals. 125 Few might mourn the near extermination of the poisonous snakes that once infested the region, but many inoffensive creatures were affected, some vanishing altogether.