By Steven Pressman
Traditional american citizens.
Fifty blameless Lives.
One Unforgettable Journey.
In early 1939, few american citizens have been puzzling over the darkening typhoon clouds over Europe. Nor did they've got a lot sympathy for the transforming into variety of Jewish households that have been more and more threatened and brutalized by way of Adolf Hitler's rules in Germany and Austria.
But one traditional American couple made up our minds that anything needed to be performed. regardless of overwhelming obstacles—both in Europe and within the United States—Gilbert and Eleanor Kraus made a daring and exceptional choice to shuttle into Nazi Germany for you to store a bunch of Jewish children.
Fewer than 1,200 unaccompanied little ones have been allowed into the us during the complete Holocaust, within which 1.5 million teenagers perished. The fifty young ones kept by way of the Krauses grew to become out to be the one greatest staff of unaccompanied childrens dropped at America.
Drawing from Eleanor Kraus's unpublished memoir, infrequent old records, and interviews with greater than a dozen of the surviving young ones, and illustrated with interval photos, archival fabrics, and memorabilia, 50 little ones is a extraordinary story of non-public braveness and positive heroism that provides a clean, precise perception right into a serious interval of background.
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Extra resources for 50 Children: One Ordinary American Couple's Extraordinary Rescue Mission into the Heart of Nazi Germany
1 percent a decade later. 7 But in the 11 years between the two censuses many things had happened in Hungary. In the second half of the 1930s, the revisionist Hungarian government developed increasingly close ties with the Berlin–Rome Axis, hoping that this way it would regain the territories which it had lost during the First World War. This calculation did pay off: between 1938 and 1941 with assistance from Germany and Italy Hungary increased its territory on four separate occasions. As a result of territorial revision Hungary increased its population to 14,683,323 by 1941, and its territory from 93,073 to 171,753 square kilometers (Greater Hungary).
17 After the Trianon Treaty, such little-assimilated groups of Jews as the highly introverted Jewish Orthodox communities in the Máramarossziget area and the Jews of Carpatho-Ruthenia (many of whom did not even speak Hungarian) ended up on the territory of successor states, while the assimilated bourgeoisie stayed on the territory of Hungary. But assimilation, Hungarian consciousness, and Hungarian patriotism remained strong even on territories that were taken away from Hungary and fell under foreign rule between 1920–1938, as indicated by the mother tongue and nationality statistics of the census conducted in 1941 after a series of successful territorial revisions: 585,265 of 724,306 Jewish respondents called themselves Hungarians, and only 139,041 called themselves Jewish.
As a result of territorial revision Hungary increased its population to 14,683,323 by 1941, and its territory from 93,073 to 171,753 square kilometers (Greater Hungary). 8 The existence of a “compromise” between the traditional Hungarian elite and the mobile part of emancipated Jewry had traditionally been one of the strongest threads in the web of compromises holding the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy together, even if it had been growing weaker and weaker over the decades. Assimilated Jewish groups were one of the main forces behind Hungarian capitalist development, modernization and the emergence of civil society.