Download A Companion to American Technology by Carroll Pursell PDF

By Carroll Pursell

A spouse to American expertise is a groundbreaking number of unique essays that learn the hard-to-define phenomenon of “technology” in the USA.

  • 22 unique essays by means of specialist students hide an important beneficial properties of yank expertise, together with advancements in vehicles, tv, and computing
  • Analyzes the ways that applied sciences are equipped, akin to within the engineering occupation, govt, medication and agriculture
  • Includes discussions of the way applied sciences have interaction with race, gender, classification, and different organizing buildings in American society

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By 1840, America’s 3,326 miles of trackage far surpassed the less than 38 JAMES C. WILLIAMS 2,000 miles in all of Europe. What is more, Austria, some German states, Russia, and even Britain began importing American locomotives. Although almost all the railroads constructed during the 1830s were east of the Appalachian Mountains, the need to conquer distance in so enormous a country was urgent, and a continental expanse free of boundary and tariff restrictions lay open for development. Especially in the Midwest and West, land was cheap and much of it was flat, making railroad construction easier than in Europe, and the American economy was more innovative and less hampered by monopolies and long-established customs.

Franklin applied science in the design of his armonica, a musical instrument widely popular in Europe for several years, and in creating bifocal glasses. On his voyages across the Atlantic, Franklin made observations of the Gulf Stream that would later prove of great value to navigators. He investigated the circulation of storms, the disabilities associated with lead poisoning and, most notably, the protection of buildings from lightning strikes. Franklin began experiments on electricity in 1748, which he reported to Collinson, and originated the concept of positive and negative electric charge that remains the cornerstone of electrostatics today.

Successive proprietors at Three Rivers experienced the difficulties of operating a colonial work that had earlier defeated the Saugus and East Haven entrepreneurs, thereby leaving the mid-Atlantic colonies supreme in the Atlantic iron trade. 22 ROBERT B. GORDON New Englanders eventually joined the eighteenth-century revival of ironmaking along lines of their own by gradually specializing in iron products rather than pig and bar for export. John Forbes of Canaan, Connecticut, began making tools, chain, wagon parts, and nails with a bloomery and forge shop in 1746.

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