By Simin Karimi
This learn addresses the issues scrambling langauges supply for the prevailing syntactic theories by means of interpreting the interplay of semantic and discourse useful components with syntactic houses of notice order during this form of languages, and through discussing the results of this interplay for common Grammar. 3 interrelated ambitions are conscientiously during this paintings. the 1st is to research the syntactic constitution of Persian, a language which indicates unfastened be aware order. With this research, the writer has accounted for the relative order of categorised expressions, the incentive for his or her attainable rearrangements, and the grammatical result of these reorderings. during this recognize, a vast variety of significant syntactic phenomena, together with item shift, Case, prolonged Projection precept (EPP), binding, and scope interpretation of quantifiers, interrogative words, adverbial words, and damaging parts are tested. This monograph is the 1st significant theoretical paintings ever released on Persian, and for this reason fills the present hole by way of supplying perception into the syntactic constitution of this language. the second one target is to attach those insights to comparable linguistic houses in languages during which scrambling happens (e.g. German, Dutch, Hindi, Russian, jap, and Korean), and to supply a deeper realizing of this workforce of genetically assorted, yet typologically similar languages. the ultimate and primary target is to situate the result of this paintings in the framework of the Minimalist application (MP). The investigations during this research point out that scrambling isn't really an non-compulsory rule, and that sure ideas of MP, similar to the minimum hyperlink , are just possible violated in those languages. in addition, it really is proven that cautious research of scrambling with recognize to binding and scope relatives, and a reanalysis of the houses of A and A' hobbies, forged a few doubts at the relevance of a typology of flow in ordinary language.
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Additional info for A Minimalist Approach to Scrambling: Evidence from Persian
The configuration in (47) represents (a)–(c) above. (49) [CP [TopP [FP [TP [T’ [ [vP [v’ [XP [X’ ]] v ]]]]]]]] Operator/Discourse Phase PredP Lexical Phase The relevance of (49) becomes apparent in the body of the text. This phrase structure is revised in chapter 4 to include negation. 2. Distributed Morphology Following the basic ideas of Distributed Morphology (Halle and Marantz 1993), we assume that Lexical items consist of a bundle of semantic, phonological, and formal features, and the phonological insertion of these bundles appears post-syntactically.
The third type of elements that are subject to limited scrambling are verb phrases. These elements might locally undergo scrambling over the subject as in (37). ’ However, long distance scrambling of VP is not possible: (38) *[un film-ro did-an] Kimea goft una that movie-râ saw-3pl K said they 20 Chapter 1: Introduction An explanation for the limited scrambling of the elements discussed in this section is provided in chapter 4. 3. What elements do not scramble? 2. that sentential arguments of the verb may not appear in a preverbal position, as in (13) and (14), repeated below.
That is, movements attributed to scrambling are driven by the same syntactic tool that is responsible for movements observed in non-scrambling languages. If this line of argumentation is on the right track, ‘scrambling’ becomes a meaningless term, representing an era when our understanding of so-called scrambling languages was insufficient. Chapter 3 is devoted to an analysis of local scrambling within Persian vP. A number of syntactic structures that involve subjects, including unaccusatives, passives, tough, raising and subjectless constructions are examined.