By John M. Hagedorn
“Street gangs reflect the inhuman targets and greed of society’s trendsetters and deities at the same time they try to the dying over scraps from the desk of the foreign drug exchange. yet John Hagedorn, commonly, additionally reveals desire within the contradictory values of outlaw youth—selflessness, team spirit, and love amid cupidity and directionless rage—and he continues the desire tradition of resistance will finally be triumphant over the forces of self-destruction. no matter if one stocks his optimism or no longer, he makes a compelling case that the way forward for the area may be decided at the streets of our cities.” —Mike Davis, from the Foreword
“A international of Gangs is an illuminating trip round the cultures, lives, tragedies, and goals of hundreds of thousands of rebellious adolescence round the planet. it really is an necessary paintings to appreciate the area we are living in and crucial interpreting for college kids of towns and communities.” —Manuel Castells
For the greater than one billion those that now stay in city slums, gangs are ubiquitous beneficial properties of lifestyle. although nonetheless so much heavily linked to American towns, gangs are an entrenched, world wide phenomenon that play an important function in quite a lot of actions, from drug dealing to extortion to spiritual and political violence. In a global of Gangs, John Hagedorn explores this foreign proliferation of the city gang on account of the ravages of globalization.
Looking heavily at gang formation in 3 global cities-Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown-he discovers that a few gangs have institutionalized as a technique to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. particularly, Hagedorn unearths, the nihilistic attraction of gangsta rap and its highway ethic of survival “by any skill necessary” offers important insights into the ideology and patience of gangs all over the world. This groundbreaking paintings concludes on a hopeful observe. offering ways that gangs should be inspired to beat their violent trends, Hagedorn appeals to neighborhood leaders to take advantage of the urgency, outrage, and resistance universal to either gang lifestyles and hip-hop for you to convey gangs into broader pursuits for social justice.
John M. Hagedorn is affiliate professor of felony justice on the college of Illinois, Chicago. he's editor of Gangs within the worldwide urban and writer of the hugely influential humans and people: Gangs, Crime, and the Underclass in a Rustbelt City.
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Additional info for A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture
25 In some cities, gangs have exercised “ruthless control” of areas of cities for decades. I call that persistence “institutionalization,” borrowing from theories of organization. Institutionalization and Gangs Major gangs in Chicago, Cape Town, and Rio de Janeiro have been around for more than forty years. These gangs have all spread outside their original neighborhoods and have a history and an identity that go far beyond wild peer groups. 26 The concept of institutionalization in organizations derives from American sociology and the work of Philip Selznick.
In their sun glasses, chains, and baggy jeans, ayan daba show a broad interest in youth cultures around the world. . 1 How do we make sense of gang members like these who say their heroes include Saddam Hussein, Osama bin Laden, Tupac Shakur, Bob Marley, and Nelson Mandela? Conerly Casey’s vivid description of Kano gangs points out a most important feature of the global era: the lines of distinction 23 24 the problem with definitions between diﬀerent kinds of groups of armed young men are just not so clear anymore.
Mayor Lindsay’s policies contrasted sharply with Chicago mayor Daley’s “shoot to kill” orders after Dr. ” Rather than fade away, like their New York cousins, Chicago’s gangs all got stronger. By the 1980s the introduction of cocaine allowed now well-established Chicago gangs to reorganize as “ethnic enterprises,”37 transforming turf into markets. However, in New York City, since the old gangs were defunct, new drug crews, not longstanding gangs, dominated the crack market. 39 While Brazil is a supposedly “non-racial” society,40 dark-skinned Brazilians have fewer opportunities, are politically underrepresented,41 are disproportionately victims of violence,42 and, according to the International Labor Organization, are heavily concentrated in the informal and illegal labor markets.