By Cristóbal de Molina, Brian S. Bauer, Vania Smith-Oka, Gabriel E. Cantarutti
Just a couple of many years after the Spanish conquest of Peru, the 3rd Bishop of Cuzco, Sebastián de Lartaún, referred to as for a record at the non secular practices of the Incas. The record used to be ready via Cristóbal de Molina, a clergyman of the health facility for the Natives of Our woman of Succor in Cuzco and Preacher normal of town. Molina was once an exceptional Quechua speaker, and his complicated language abilities allowed him to interview the older indigenous males of Cuzco who have been one of the final surviving eyewitnesses of the rituals performed on the peak of Inca rule. hence, Molina's account preserves a very important first-hand checklist of Inca spiritual ideals and practices.This quantity is the 1st English translation of Molina's Relación de las fábulas y ritos de los incas seeing that 1873 and contains the 1st authoritative scholarly remark and notes. The paintings opens with a number of Inca construction myths and outlines of the foremost gods and shrines (huacas). Molina then discusses an important rituals that happened in Cuzco in the course of every month of the 12 months, in addition to rituals that weren't tied to the ceremonial calendar, reminiscent of delivery rituals, lady initiation rites, and marriages. Molina additionally describes the Capacocha ritual, during which all of the shrines of the empire have been provided sacrifices, in addition to the Taqui Ongoy, a millennial move that unfold around the Andes throughout the past due 1560s according to growing to be Spanish domination and sped up violence opposed to the so-called idolatrous religions of the Andean peoples.
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Additional info for Account of the Fables and Rites of the Incas
After three days, [the] two huacamayas [macaws] returned, and they began to prepare food. As [the younger brother] saw this was an opportune time to capture them, he entered after seeing they had prepared food. He ran to the door, closed it, and trapped them inside, [causing] them to become very angry. Then he grabbed the younger one and while he was holding the younger one, the elder [bird] escaped. They say that he joined and had carnal relations with the younger, with whom, over time, he had six sons and daughters.
From there they ascended to the heavens after having completed what was [required] on land. They also say in this same fable that in Tiahuanaco, where they say he made all the people, [the Creator also] made all the different kinds of birds, a male and female of each one, and he gave them [the] songs that each one was to sing. [He ordered] those that were to live in the forested slopes to go there, and those [that were to live] on the land [to go there]. Each one [was sent] to the part and place where they were to live.
11 He had a gold statue made [in the] shape of a man and ordered it placed in the temple that he built for him in the city of Cuzco. This huaca, together with those of the Sun and the Creator, had its own temple, estates, livestock, and servants for its sacrifices in all of the provinces. 12 So my aim here is to only discuss what is related to the rituals and ceremonies [of the Incas]. He also had in some nations many huacas and temples where the devil would give his answers, [such] as in the shrine of Huanacauri13 in the city of Cuzco.