Download Allegory and Philosophy in Avicenna (Ibn Sina): With a by Peter Heath PDF

By Peter Heath

Islamic allegory is the fabricated from a cohesive literary culture to which few contributed as considerably as Ibn Sina (Avicenna), the eleventh-century Muslim thinker. Peter Heath right here bargains an in depth exam of Avicenna's contribution, paying particular consciousness to Avicenna's psychology and poetics and to the ways that they encouraged lines of theological, mystical, and literary notion in next Islamic—and Western—intellectual and non secular history.

Heath starts off by way of displaying how Avicenna's writings healthy into the context and basic background of Islamic allegory and explores the interplay between allegory, allegoresis, and philosophy in Avicenna's idea. He then presents a quick creation to Avicenna as an ancient determine. From there, he examines the ways that Avicenna's cosmological, mental, and epistemological theories locate parallel, if varied, expression within the disparate codecs of philosophical and allegorical narration. incorporated during this booklet is a demonstration of Avicenna's allegorical perform. This takes the shape of a translation of the Mi'raj Nama (The e-book of the Prophet Muhammad's Ascent to Heaven), a quick treatise in Persian as a rule attributed to Avicenna.

The textual content concludes with an research of the literary size Avicenna's allegorical conception and perform by way of analyzing his use of description metaphor. Allegory and Philosophy in Avicenna is an unique and demanding paintings that breaks new floor through utilizing the suggestions of recent literary feedback to the research of Medieval Islamic philosophy. it will likely be of curiosity to students and scholars of medieval Islamic and Western literature and philosophy.

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Additional info for Allegory and Philosophy in Avicenna (Ibn Sina): With a Translation of the Book of the Prophet Muhammad's Ascent to Heaven

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9. " The theme recurs throughout the autobiography (17-45). One may venture to guess that Avicenna countenanced the long companionship of al-Juzjani precisely because the latter remained in constant awe of his master. The autobiography is a mature work and Avicenna may not always have been so self-assured in regard to his philosophical achievements; see Gutas's discussion, "The Evolution of Avicenna's Attitude toward Aristotle, the Aristotelian Tradition, and His Own Work," in Avicenna and the Aristotelian Tradition, 286-96.

23. The usage is standard; we shall, however, be using these terms within the particular context of Avicenna's thought rather than Plato's. A survey of how the term muthos is used in Plato as well as modern interpretations of the role it plays in Plato's writings may be found in Kent F. Moors, PlatonicMyth: An Introductory Study (Washington: University Press of America, 1982), esp. pp. 1-25; see also Anne Freire Ashbaugh, Plato's Theory of Explanation: A Study of the Cosmological Account of the Timaeus, SUNY Series in Philosophy (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1988).

In Avicenna's case the conceptual impetus that motivates his cosmogony is the Aristotelian principle of entelechy, which is based on the dichotomy Structure and Representation of the Cosmos 39 of potentiality and actuality. Entelechic instincts motivate the unfolding of the universe. Each Intelligence actualizes its inherent creative potential by emanating a lesser Intelligence, a celestial Soul, and a heavenly body. And because each Intelligence is a perfect essence in regard to its innate capacity for fulfillment, this process of actualization occurs necessarily.

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