Download America's Strategic Blunders: Intelligence Analysis and by Willard C. Matthias PDF

By Willard C. Matthias

This survey of greater than fifty years of nationwide protection coverage juxtaposes declassified U.S. nationwide intelligence estimates with lately published Soviet files disclosing the perspectives of Soviet leaders and their Communist allies at the similar occasions. Matthias indicates that U.S. intelligence estimates have been frequently right yet that our political and army leaders more often than not missed them—with occasionally disastrous effects. The e-book starts with a glance again on the function of U.S. intelligence in the course of global struggle II, from Pearl Harbor in the course of the plot opposed to Hitler and the D-Day invasion to the "unconditional quit" of Japan, and divulges how larger use of the intelligence to be had may have stored many lives and shortened the battle. the next chapters facing the chilly battle expose what details and recommendation U.S. intelligence analysts handed directly to policymakers, and likewise what occasionally sour coverage debates happened in the Communist camp, referring to Vietnam, the Bay of Pigs, the Cuban missile difficulty, the turmoil in jap Europe, the Six-Day and Yom Kippur wars within the heart East, and the Soviet intervention in Afganistan. in lots of methods, this can be a tale of ignored possibilities the U.S. govt needed to behavior a extra liable international coverage which could have kept away from huge losses of lifestyles and big costs on palms buildups. whereas now not exonerating the CIA for its personal blunders, Matthias casts new gentle at the contributions that goal intelligence research did make in the course of the chilly struggle and speculates on what may have occurred if that evaluation and suggestion were heeded.

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Additional resources for America's Strategic Blunders: Intelligence Analysis and National Security Policy, 1936-1991

Sample text

These included naval ship-to-shore and ship-to-ship messages, communications among army headquarters, ground-to-air exchanges, intelligence-agent networks, and—most important of all—messages between the German High Command and theater commands. The more valuable that communications intelligence became, the greater became the need to maintain close control over its dissemination and use. To this end, Special Security officers (SSOs) were established at all major commands, and the SSO chief was accredited only to the theater commander in chief and his immediate subordinates.

Dulles meanwhile continued his contacts among the plotters and tried to explain as best he could that the Allies had to be dealt with together and not separately. In late November 1943, when Roosevelt and Churchill met with Stalin at Teheran to discuss strategy for 1944, Stalin himself raised the question of unconditional surrender with Roosevelt. According to a telegram from Foreign Secretary Eden to the Foreign Office on November 30, “Last night Marshal Stalin spoke to the President about unconditional surrender.

407. 61. Cited by Liddell Hart, History of the Second World War, 551. 62. Lewin, Ultra Goes to War, 341–42. 40 A m e r i c a ’s S t r a t e g i c B l u n d e r s I do not believe that any definitive judgment about Kluge’s intention can be drawn from Lewin’s affirmation that no approaches were made to Eisenhower and the others. How could an approach have been made to commanders who apparently had no knowledge of the plotter’s plans and who had no instructions about how to treat with any German commander who might offer to surrender?

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