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By Ph.D. Rob Johnston

Identifies and describes stipulations and variables that negatively have an effect on intelligence research. Investigates analytic tradition, method, errors, and failure in the Intelligence neighborhood. makes use of an utilized anthropological method that comes with interviews, direct and player remark, and concentration teams. incorporates a bibliography.

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Extra info for Analytic Culture in the United States Intelligence Community: An Ethnographic Study

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Once the individual elements are refined through challenges in the literature, they might be better represented by a link or web diagram. 23 To create this intelligence analysis taxonomy, I used Alexander Ervin’s applied anthropological approach, which employs multiple data collection methods to triangulate results. 24 I also drew on Robert White’s mental workEphraim Kam, Surprise Attack. The Victim’s Perspective, 120 That is, analysis does not occur in a vacuum. It is socially constructed. See Lev Vygotsky, Mind and Society.

This is an important 8 Edward Sapir is best known for the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, which asserts linguistic/cognitive relativity (language and thought are inseparable; therefore, different languages mean different ways of thinking). Edward Sapir, Language. 17 CHAPTER TWO distinction, for language is a key variable in anthropology and often reveals a great deal about the cognition and culture of a community of interest. 9 The adoption by members of the analytic community of an inappropriate term for the processes and methods employed in their professional lives obfuscates and complicates the reality of their work.

I use patterns. If things start happening, out of the ordinary things, I pay attention to them. I try to build patterns out of the data. It helps me predict what will happen next. I come up with a few scenarios and see what the evidence supports. I look for data that are diagnostic: some piece of evidence that rules out certain possibilities. I try to weigh the evidence to see which scenario it supports. Although anomaly-detection, pattern-recognition, and weighing data may appear to be idiosyncratic tradecraft based on individual expertise and cognitive skills, these methods can be formalized and replicated if the operating parameters, variables, and rules of evidence are made explicit.

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